California State University Channel Islands opened in Camarillo in 2002, as the 23rd campus in the California State University system. Interstate 80 and California State Route 58 are the two major routes east out of the Central Valley, over the Sierra Nevada. A notable exception to the predominance of agriculture has been the Sacramento area, where there is a large and stable workforce of government employees. Latinos are disproportionately impacted by the coronavirus in the Central Valley region, as they are statewide — comprising 38.9% of California's population but … Passenger rail in the region consists of the Amtrak long-haul Coast Starlight and Amtrak California San Joaquin routes. Statewide population growth, anticipated reductions in … It includes the northern portion of the San Joaquin Valley (which itself is the southern portion of the Central Valley, beginning at the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta), part of the Central Coast, the central hills of the California Coast Ranges and the foothills and mountain areas of the central Sierra Nevada. [41][5] More than 230 crops are grown there. Population and Demographics by State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana This transports water to the southern San Joaquin Valley and vast urban lands south of the Tehachapi Mountains. The oak woodlands and chaparral that fringe the valley have been categorized as the California interior chaparral and woodlands ecoregion. The six counties that make up the Central Coast region had an estimated population of 2,327,344 in 2014, about 5% more than the population of New Mexico. The Great Valley Grasslands State Park preserves an example of the native grass habitat in the valley, while oak savanna habitats remain near Visalia. [5] On less than 1 percent of the total farmland in the United States, the Central Valley produces 8 percent of the nation's agricultural output by value: US$43.5 billion in 2013. Additionally, Central Valley farm laborers are often unable to afford or physically access healthy foods, which is a form of food insecurity.[13]. The Great Flood of 1862 was the worst flood that the Central Valley has experienced in recorded history, flooding most of the valley and putting some places as much as 20 feet under water. Intensive agricultural and municipal water consumption has reduced the present rate of outflow to about 17 million acre feet (21 km3) for the Sacramento and 3 million acre feet (3.7 km3) for the San Joaquin; however, these figures still vary widely from year to year. Clear All. The Valley has many influences in American music mainly through the "Bakersfield Sound", the "Doowop Era" of the 1950s and 1960s, through the R&B music scene of the 1980s and also through the Bakersfield rap music scene often referred to as underground hip hop, Central California hip hop, West Coast hip hop, or Central Valley hip hop. Below, they are listed by MSA and μSA population. California’s Central Valley | June 2006. Called Tulare Lake, it is usually dry nowadays because the rivers feeding it have been diverted for agricultural purposes. 175,438), including age, race, sex, income, poverty, marital status, education and more. In parallel, pumps operated by the Bureau of Reclamation divert water into the Delta–Mendota Canal. The Central American immigrant population is younger than the foreign-born population overall but older than the U.S.-born population. Monterey County- Monterey Peninsula is home to the Monterey Bay Aquarium, 17-Mile Drive, Cannery Row and downtown Pacific Grove. Traffic passes through a large, historical yard in Roseville before heading north to Oregon or east to Nevada. Early farming was concentrated close to the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, where the water table was high year round and water transport more readily available, but subsequent irrigation projects have brought many more parts of the valley into productive use. [46][47], The top four counties in agricultural sales in the U.S. are in the Central Valley (2007 Data). The population of California in 2016 is growing at an above-average rate and an estimate carried out in 2015 suggests that there has been an increase from the 2010 Census figure of 37,253,956 to numbers in the region of 39,144,818. The following regions are entirely contained within central California: The following regions are partly contained within central California: Central California has opened two new universities recently, one in each of the past two decades. The wetlands of the Valley were an important habitat for wintering waterbirds and migrating birds of other kinds. The broad valley floor is carpeted by alluvial plains forming vast agricultural regions, and dotted with numerous population centers. Among cities with at least 30,000 residents, Folsom’s population jumped 3.1 percent, to 81,610, second highest in California. QuickFacts El Centro city, California. From Calwa the BNSF Stockton Subdivision continues to Port Chicago, west of Antioch. [7] Figure 3 compares the population change from 2010 to 2018 and we can see Central Shasta shows a decline of 336 (3%). Counties by population The dominant grass of the valley was Nassella pulchra mixed with other species, but today only 1% of the grassland in the valley is original and intact. Other routes east over the Sierra Nevada include California State Route 178, California State Route 41 to California State Route 120 via Yosemite National Park, California State Route 88, and US Route 50. Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 37,254,519. The California Department of Finance projects that by 2040 the valley will be home to almost 12 million people. The Central Valley has major connections to other regions: The Mojave Desert via Tehachapi and Walker passes, Eastern California via Tioga, Sonora and Carson passes, the Central Coast via Polonio and Cottonwood passes, and State Route 198, The San Francisco Bay Area via Pacheco and Altamont passes, Nevada via Donner Pass, Lake Tahoe via Echo Summit, Susanville region via Beckwourth and Fredonyer passes, Shasta Lake via Interstate 5, and Southern California via Tejon Pass and the Grapevine. The largest city is Fresno followed by the state capital Sacramento. By 2005, its population reached 6.5 million, more than the population of 38 states. It was intended to serve smaller farmers, with a 160-acre maximum size limit. Population. POPULATION: 6.5 million. Interstate 5 and State Route 99 are the primary highways in the San Joaquin Valley. Remaining vernal pools include Pixley National Wildlife Refuge between Tulare, California, and Bakersfield and Jepson Prairie Preserve in the delta. By the late 1960s and early 1970s, when the bald eagle was listed as an endangered species, fewer than 30 nesting pairs remained in California--all in the northern third of the State. Primary sources of population growth are people migrating from the San Francisco Bay Area seeking lower housing costs, as well as immigration from Asia, Central America, Mexico, Ukraine and the rest of the former Soviet Union. [4] The valley also has many major cities, including the state capital Sacramento; as well as Redding, Chico, Stockton, Modesto, Fresno, Visalia, and Bakersfield. Population. The flow of the Sacramento River is further supplemented by a tunnel from the Trinity River (a tributary of the Klamath River, northwest of the Sacramento Valley) near Redding. 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